தான் அந்தமில்லாத ரூபன்

ஆனந்த நடமாடுவார் தில்லை அம்பலந்தனில்

He whose form is infinite, performs a joyous dance at Thillai   

Bharatanatyam

Bharatanatyam is an ancient classical dance form of South India. This dance form is highly sophisticated and stylized combining pure dance and mime accompanied by music, rhythm, and lyrics. The meaning of the lyrics or the reigning mood of the music is expressed through body movements, hand gestures and facial expressions. The form as it is practiced today was codified about two centuries ago.
In India, the temple has been the cradle of visual arts such as architecture, sculpture, and painting, as well as the performing arts of music and dance. Bharatanatyam was used as means of ritualistic worship, with most compositions being replete with allusions to the stories of the Gods of the Hindu Pantheon. In later centuries, Bharatanatyam developed a parallel repertoire as entertainment in the courts of kings and nobles. The technique of this form is versatile and lends itself easily to the interpretation of contemporary themes as well. It involves control of every muscle in the body starting from the eyebrows, to the eyes, the neck and shoulders, the hands, the fingers, the torso, the legs and feet. The essence of communication is subtle, evocative and poetic. Hence it has been described as Drsya Kavya (Visual poetry). The highly ornate costume, jewelry, hairstyle, and make up are modeled in the same manner as temple deities are adorned.
The traditional dance repertoire consists of short and long pieces varying in form and content. Taken together they form a totality of aesthetic experience, drawing the spectator through several shades of emotions and ultimately elevating the mind to a plane of ineffable joy and quietude.

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